In order to help us serve you better, we have provided some basic information on Termites-we trust this information will be use full to you. Termites are often mistakenly called ‘white ants’. They are not ants but in fact, are more closely related to cockroaches!
Termites belong to the order ‘Lsoptera, meaning ‘Equal Wings’ There are six families, including dry-wood and damp-wood termites, and around 2300 species are known. Subterranean termites make colonies in soil while dry-wood or damp –wood termites make colonies in wood. Around 230 species of termites can be found in India.
Termites are social insects with a distinctive colony structure. A typical colony consist of Reproductive (King and Queen), Workers and Solders. The main function of the Queen (who can grow up to 15cm!) is to lay eggs and control all activities in the colony. Workers (up to 3mm) carry out all works such as foraging, collecting food, feeding other members, grooming the queen, nursing young ones, etc. Soldiers (upto 5mm) protect the colony from predators and have large jaws (mandibles), while some species even have a special snout-shaped head to squirt irritating chemicals on attackers! Once a colony has developed, winged adults (Alates) emerge and fly out (swarming) to mate and start new colonies.
Termites are silent destroyers. In fact. Their name is derived from the Greek word ‘terms’ meaning ‘the end’. They play a vital role in nature as recyclers; their main food is cellulose which is abundant in wood and paper. When they come into contact with human habitation and property, they can cause severe damage. Sub-terrannean termites are responsible for most of this damage which runs into cores of rupees.
Once a food source is detected, subterranean termite workers construct mud tubes to it and from then on, the march is relentless. They stop on nothing and a gap of just 0.5mm sufficient for them to gain entry. Once inside the building they can cause severe damage to all cellulose material like wood, cotton, paper, textiles etc. In their search for food, they can even damage non-cellulose materials such as cable covering, neoprene, poly-vinyl chloride (PVC), etc.
Some sure sign of subterranean termite infestation are swarming or discarded wings, mud tubes on walls or wood (yellowish powder or POP ceiling from small holes is not a sign of termite infestation-this is typical of Powder Post Beetle infestation), However the absence of any visible signs does not necessarily mean that there is no infestation. Damage is mostly internal-the inner surface is hollowed out while the outer surface remains intact.
This is why termite infestations are not noticed until it is too late. Therefore, the longer you delay, the more extensive and expensive the damage will be. When it comes to termites, Prevention is always better than Cure. Termite management is designed to protect your homes and property from subterranean termite attack. It is always advisable to get treatment done at the construction stage itself; however, treatment can also be carried out in already constructed buildings.
RPCI Termite Management consist of creating a chemical barrier around the structure or property. Treatment commences only after a thorough inspection and attention is given to use of proper materials, dosages, and techniques.
Some conditions that favour termite infestation:
● Moist, worm soil containing food material such as decayed wood, paper etc.
● Wooden parts, root stumps, stake etc. Directly in contact with soil under and around the building.
● inadequate and improper drainage, ventilation and lighting.
● Additional soil filling for terrace garden, flower beds, etc.
We thank you for choosing RPC’s India’s Largest Pest Management Company with over 10 offices nationwide. Our thoroughly trained and professional staff will be glad to answer any other queries you might have on Termite Management and also our range of complete pest management solutions.