In order to help us serve you better, we have provided some basic information on Mosquitoes-we trust this information will be useful to you.
Mosquitoes are vectors for many dreaded diseases such as malaria, filariasis, dengue, yellow fever, encephalitis, etc. The female mosquito requires blood meals for development of her eggs and hence only females bite warm-blooded animals including humans, while the males live on plant nectar. The mosquitoes commonly encountered in and around human habitation are:
Anopheles : responsible for causing Malaria, the most prevalent and devastating disease that still threatens over 40% of the world’s population, causing sever mortality. Especially in children. Chief species responsible for this disease are Anopheles stephensi, Anopheles israelensis & Anopheles culifacies. Anopheles breeds in stagnant collections of clean water such as ponds, lakes, overhead reservoirs, underground tanks, etc. This mosquito is active after dusk and is called the ‘midnight biter’.
Culex: responsible for causing Filariasis,(by Culex quinquifasciatus) which causes fever and acute swelling of the lymph glands, a condition commonly known as ‘elephantiasis’. Culex breeds prolifically in stagnant collections of polluted water such as drains, cess pools, gutters,septic tanks, etc. in urban surroundings. It is the common house mosquito and a major nuisance after dusk, biting heavily, leading to sleepless nights. Culex mosquitoes are also responsible for causing Japanese Encephalitis (JE) , a viral disease that has assumed epidemic proportions in rural areas with rice-growing fields where Culex triteaniorhynchus and Culex vishnuoi (Rice Paddy Mosquito) find ideal breeding grounds.
Aedes : responsible for causing Dengue which has assumed epidemic proportions in urban areas where Aedes aegypti (Asian Tiger Mosquito) breeds in close proximity to humans in man- made collections of clean water such as water coolers, pots, old tyres, cans, empty bottles, flower vases, etc. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a severe, often fatal disease that results in high fever, shock and acute haemorrage. This mosquito is a day biter with a characteristic sharp pain. Yellow fever is caused by Aedes albopictus and has similar symptoms to malaria and also induces vomiting, nausea and jaundice. The disease can be fatal.
● Stagnant water collections, natural or man-made, including ponds, sewers, etc. are ideal breeding places.
● large open drains covered with aquatic weeds & dense vegetation provide perfect breeding & resting places
● dark, cool places in and around human habitation attract mosquitoes for resting
● entry/exit time is usually dusk/dawn
● host for blood meal can be detected from long distances
● depending on species, a mosquito can fly as far as 8 kms
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